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Author Guidelines

3.1. General guidelines. For editing you paper we recommend using Microsoft Word, after that for submitting save your file in PDF format (without security protections for edit, copy and print) with incorporated charts and tables. Pages: size A4 and margins – top 2 cm, bottom 2 cm., left 2 cm., right 2 cm. There is no maximum size of the manuscript. DO NOT PUT PAGE NUMBERS! In the header of every page you must include the bibliographic citation of the coming volume of the journal on, Use the explicit citation format, e.g.: "VANGUARD SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS IN MANAGEMENT, vol. 11, no. 1, 2015, ISSN 1314-0582" (Helvetica 10). The easiest it would be to use the supplied template… ONLY use the following fonts: • Helvetica (regular, oblique, bold and bold oblique) for the regular text, titles, subtitles, abstract, etc. • Courier (regular, oblique, bold and bold oblique) for source codes of software programs. • Symbol for special symbols included in text, Greek letters, mathematical operators, etc. NOTE: in case your paper is going to be subject to blind review you should mandatory erase the names of the authors everywhere from the paper and only leave the word “Author” instead. You should also erase the name of the author from the Document Properties in the menu File of Adobe Acrobat. If the paper is unpublished, include the full date of its present version on a line by itself at the beginning of the paper, e.g., "August 12, 2009". A template of a paper can be downloaded here... 3.2. Technical guidelines for title part For technical formatting of the paper the following requirements for the first page should be used. • Empty line, Helvetica, 12 pt., line spacing 1.2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line (if the paper is not yet accepted for publishing, write here the date of the current version); • TITLE IN BULGARIAN. Helvetica, 24 PT, BOLD, CENTERED, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line (skip this, if the main text of the paper is in English); • Author line: Helvetica, 16 pt, centered, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line, first name and family name of the author/authors in Bulgarian, preceded by “Author:” or “Authors:” (without academic degree titles) in order of contribution to the paper (skip this, if the main text of the paper is in English); • Empty line, Helvetica, 12 pt., line spacing 1.2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line (skip this, if the main text of the paper is in English); • TITLE IN ENGLISH. Helvetica, 24 PT, BOLD, CENTERED, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line; • Author line: Helvetica, 16 pt, centered, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line, first name and family name of the author/authors in English, preceded by “Author:” or “Authors:” (without academic degree titles) in order of contribution to the paper; • Empty line, Helvetica, 12 pt., line spacing 1.2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after; • Abstract: In Bulgarian up to 300 words, Helvetica Italic, 12pt., Justified text, line spacing 1,2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line, special indentation in the first line – 1,25 cm., preceded by “Резюме:” at the beginning of the first line (skip this, if the main text of the paper is in English); • Keywords: up to 5 keywords (in Bulgarian), separated by “;” (semicolon), Helvetica Italic, 12pt., Justified text, line spacing 1,2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line, special indentation in the first line – 1,25 cm., preceded by “Ключови думи:” (skip this, if the main text of the paper is in English); • Empty line, Helvetica, 12 pt., line spacing 1.2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line (skip this, if the main text of the paper is in English); • Abstract: In English up to 300 words, Helvetica Italic, 12pt., Justified text, line spacing 1,2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line, special indentation in the first line – 1,25 cm., preceded by “Abstract:” at the beginning of the first line; • Keywords: up to 5 keywords (in English), separated by “;” (semicolon), Helvetica Italic, 12pt., Justified text, line spacing 1,2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line, special indentation in the first line – 1,25 cm., preceded by “Keywords:”; • Empty line, Helvetica, 12 pt., line spacing 1.2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after; • JEL classification– Helvetica 12, Helvetica Italic, 12pt., Justified text, line spacing 1,2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after the line, special indentation – 1,25 cm., at least one classification code according to the system as used by the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) (see http://www.aeaweb.org/jel/guide) preceded by “JEL:” at the beginning of the first; • Empty line, Helvetica, 12 pt., line spacing 1.2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after. 3.3. Technical guidelines for main text Main text: Helvetica, 12 pt, justified, line spacing 1,2 lines, 3 pt. before and 0 pt. after every paragraph. Standard tabulation – 1,25 cm. Special indentation in the first line of every paragraph – 1,25 cm. For the actual text of the paper it is preferable that the presented text correspond to the structure of a scientific article (the titles are an example): introduction, theoretical review, explanation of the methodology, description of the results, discussion, and conclusion. In case the paper has different approach to structure the text, it is desirable that the introduction explains the reasons for that and the preferred structure. The actual text of the paper should be divided into chapters where possible. Headings can be maximum in two levels and numbered, e.g.: 1. TITLE OF CHAPTER, (Helvetica, bold, 12 pt., Justified, UPPER CASE); 1.1 Title of sub-chapter, (Helvetica, bold, 12 pt., Justified, Sentence case". Footnotes are formatted: Helvetica, 10 pt., justified, line spacing 1 line, 0 pt. before and 0 pt. after every paragraph, no indentation. The footnotes must be consecutively numbered with Arabic numbers and their number and volume should be limited. Footnotes longer than 3 lines are not acceptable. 3.4. Tables, figures and other objects The text should be composed in such a manner that the figures or tables are clearly visible. Tables and figures should be numbered and references to them must be in the text. Acceptable labeling for a table is Tab.1 and for a figure – Fig. 1. Tables and figures in landscape format of A4 page are not acceptable. Figures and tables should be supplied in a sufficient quality for print (at least 200 DPI). They should be supplied as part of the document. The quality of the above is the responsibility of an author. Tables are formatted: Helvetica, 10 pt., justified, line spacing 1 line, 0 pt. before and 0 pt. after every paragraph, no indentation. The tables must be consecutively numbered with Arabic numbers. The title should be positioned above the table and should give a short description of the content. The source of the data in the table should be indicated under the table. All the graphics, diagrams and other graphical images must be marked as figures, consecutively numbered with Arabic numbers. The title should be above the figure and should give a short description of the content. Equations and formulas are denoted by numbers in round parentheses the numbers should be on the right side of the formulas - (1), (2) etc. It is recommended that the formulas to be produced by Math Type or Equations Editor or inserted by the .jpg format. If you have program codes as part of your paper, you should put a title above the code and should give a short description of the content and the filename of the code. For the code itself use: Courier, 10 pt., align left, line spacing 1 line, 0 pt. before and 0 pt. after every paragraph, with indentation however necessary. 3.5. Citation Citations in the text and the list of references should follow the referencing style used by the Harvard system. Details concerning this referencing style can be found at https://www.gre.ac.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/232570/SS-Referencing-Rev5.pdf. Authors can also use citation machine at http://citationmachine.net/. You should always write the names of the author, which you cite in the main text of the paper in Latin letters. If you make cite a work without mentioning the author’s name use the model: This topic has been already studied (e.g. Krugman at al., 1997). Where citation is made to more than one author in a sentence, they are both cited: Born (1998) and Jones (2001) have both demonstrated that... If an author has more than one publication on the same topic in different years, than the reference should be cited in chronological order: As suggested by Barney (1991; 1994) ... or Academic study in the nineties (Barney, 1991; 1994) found that ... If you use several works published by the same author in the same year, differentiate them by adding a lower case letter after the year for each publication: Earlier research by Porter (1990a) found ... but later research carried out again by Porter (1990b) expanded his thesis. In some cases you may make reference to an author’s work, which is cited or summarized in another author’s work (secondary referencing). Then use the model: Research carried out by Brown (2000 cited in Smith, 2004, p.120) found... 3.6. References Entitle the section of the paper that contains references to other works with a standard heading "References" (even if the main text of the paper is in Bulgarian). Individual references inside this section should be numbered "1. 2. 3.". Leave one empty line before each individual reference. The text of each reference must be a formal bibliographic citation in a commonly used format, without free-form commentary. One should have in mind that the references are identified automatically by the parser software; they're not entered or corrected by human operators. Font: Helvetica 12 pt, left align, Line spacing at 1,2 lines no indentation. References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. The list of references should be complete and accurate. For each work shown in the list of references must be a reference in the text. Authors are required to complete the reference in a list of literature used with DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if it has been assigned to the publication. To search for the DOI, please visit: http://www.crossref.org/guestquery/ If there are references in different than Latin alphabet, they should be transliterated to Latin. When transliterating from Cyrillic alphabet, the transliteration is: А = А, Б = В, В = V, Г = G, Д = D, Е = Е, Ж = ZH, 3 = Z, И = I, Й = Y, K = К, Л = L, М = М, Н = N, О = О, П = Р, Р = R, С = S, Т = Т, У = U, Ф = F, X = КН, Ц = ТSН, Ч = СН, Ш = SН, Щ = SНТ, Ъ = U, ЬО = YО, Ю = YU, Я = YА, Э = E. ы = Y. Example: Angelov, I., 2009. Ikonomikata na Bulgaria na praga na novoto stoletie. Sofia: Izdatelstvo na BAN. The list of references should be drawn up according to the following formatting instructions. For monographs Porter, M., 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: The Free Press. Post, J., Lawrence, A. and Weber, J., 1999. Business and Society. 9th ed. Irwin/McGraw – Hill. For periodicals Farrell, J. and Shapiro, C., 2008. How Strong Are Weak Patents? American Economic Review, 98(4), pp. 1347-1369. For contributions to collective works Friedman, M., 1991, The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, in J. Bower (ed.), The Craft of General Management, Boston: Harvard Business School Publications, 287-296. For websites: Authorship or Source, Year. Title of web document or web page. [type of medium] Available at: include web site address/URL [Accessed date]. American Economic Association, 2012. JEL Classification Codes Guide, [online] Available at:

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